It is difficult in the United States to find a problem that would be so hotly debated as the question of controlling personal weapons. Although the number of crimes with firearms has fallen by 21 percent since the early 1990s, the debate has intensified due to several bloody incidents in American schools. The most active participants in the discussion are, as a rule, supporters of polar points of view - either those who preach unrestricted access to guns and pistols, or those who demand it completely banned.
New York became the first US state to pass a law on tightening arms control.
On January 15, the law was signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo. He noted that the push to take severe measures was the recent massacre in Newtown, when a 20-year-old boy shot and killed 26 people in the school.
Now for the people of the state will be the most stringent in the US law on the rights of citizens to personal weapons.
The document tightens the current ban on the storage and carrying of "assault weapons", introduces restrictions on the number of cartridges in the cage, and also obliges to check as much as possible the information on potential buyers of weapons in order to exclude its entry into the hands of mentally ill people. From the point of view of common sense, mentally ill people should not have access to weapons.
Earlier, the bill was approved first by the upper chamber of the state legislature, controlled by Republicans, and then lowers, where the majority of seats belong to the Democrats. Recall, a nationwide package of measures to tighten control over the assault weapon is also ready for President Barack Obama.
An active discussion of arms sales restrictions in the US began after a young man named Adam Lantz broke into the building of the Sandy Hook Primary School in Newtown on the morning of December 14 and began shooting at children and adults and then committed suicide. Lanza shot 26 people, 20 of whom were children between the ages of five and ten.
Note that as such, the concept of "assault weapons" does not exist - this is the invention of the team of former US President Bill Clinton, who introduced in 1994 an "assault weapon ban", which operated in the United States for 10 years. As "assault" democrats, the opponents of weapons most often defined then and now semi-automatic firearms, possessing certain characteristics similar to military weapons. The right of citizens to carry and store weapons is guaranteed by the second amendment to the US Constitution.
It is difficult in the United States to find a problem that would be so hotly debated as the question of controlling personal weapons. Although the number of crimes with firearms has fallen by 21 percent since the early 1990s, the debate has intensified due to several bloody incidents in American schools.