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This record is about the beginning of the Civil War at fort Sumter in North Carolina. The surrender of fort Sumter into the confederates was the very first battle won by both sides. This is an extremely important battle to acquire as a result of the location of the fort and management of the transport lanes, though it did not have a very good protection against Fort Moultrie's long range cannons. The unofficial beginning of the Civil War was launched with one shot fired by a cadet in the citadel on April 12, 1861. This was a warning shot from the south showing disapproval for the Morrill Tariff. On December 26th, 1860 is the official beginning date of this Civil War. This is when Major Robert Anderson moves troops abruptly from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. Governor Francis Pickens watched this as an aggressive act, because Sumter's guns could be used to close the harbors to shipping and required that the Federals to come back to Fort Moultrie. (Kagan) Anderson viewed the movement to Fort Sumter because of delay of confrontation. Southerners thought of the overall look of the stripes and stars across the fort as an act of aggression. "On January 9th, 1861 at dawn that the unarmed steamer Star of the West was discharged by then president James Buchanan told send supplies to Fort Sumter." (Ford) Stated by The star of the West came under fire from awake South Carolinians manning guns at Fort Moultrie and neighboring Morris Island. At daybreak the mind fired canons in the boat for more than 10 minutes. Various reports in the time indicated 7 to 17 shots were fired from Morris Island. Damage was minimal, but the cannon shots prompted the Star of the West captain to depart the Fort Sumter resupply effort. (Ford) At the subsequent days, newspapers in the south widely celebrated the very first shots fir...